I. f-values

 

Huffman, R. E., Tanaka, Y. & Larrabee, J. C., Absorption Coefficients of Nitrogen in the 1000-580 Ā Wavelength Region, J. Chem. Phys. 39, 910 (1963).

 

Lawrence, G. M., Mickey, D. L. & Dressler, K., Absolute Oscillator Strengths of the Strongest Bands within the Dipole-Allowed Absorption Spectrum of Nitrogen, J. Chem. Phys. 48, 1989 (1968).

 

Geiger, J. & Schröder, B., Intensity Perturbations Due to Configuration Interaction Observed in the Electron Energy-Loss Spectrum of N2, J. Chem. Phys. 50, 7 (1969).

 

Carter, V. L., “High-resolution N2 Absorption Study from 730 to 980 A”, J. Chem. Phys. 56, 4195 (1972).

 

Gurtler, P., Saile, V. & Koch, E. E., Chem. Phys. Lett. 48, 245 (1977).

 

Ajello, J. M., James, G. K. & Franklin, B. O., “Medium Resolution Studies of Extreme Ultraviolet Emission from N2 by Electron Impact: Vibrational Perturbations and Cross Sections of the c4’ and b’ States”, Phys. Rev. A 40, 3524 (1989).

 

James, G. K., Ajello, J. M., Franklin, B. & Shemansky, D. E., “Medium Resolution Sudies of Extreme Ultraviolet Emission from N2 by Electron Impact: the Effect of Predissociation on the Emission Cross Section of the b State”, J. Phys. B 23, 2055 (1990).

 

Stark, G., Smith, P. L., Huber, K. P., Yoshino, K., Stevens, M. H. & Ito, K., “Absorption band oscillator strengths of N2 transitions between 95.8 and 99.4 nm”, J. Chem. Phys. 97, 4809 (1992).

 

Chan, W. F., Cooper, G., Sodhi, R. N. S. & Brion, C. E., “Absolute Optical Oscillator Strengths for Discrete and Continuum Photoabsorption of Molecular Nitrogen”, Chem. Phys. 170, 81 (1993).

 

Stark, G., Huber, K. P., Yoshino, K., Chan, M. –C., Matsui, T., Smith, P. L., & Ito, K., “Line oscillator strength measurements in the 0–0 band of the c4 1Su+ ¬ X 1 Sg+ transition of N2”, Ap. J. 531, 321 (2000).

 

Liu, X., Shemansky, D. E., Ciocca, M., Kanik, I., & Ajello, J. M., Analysis of the physical properties of the N2 c' 1Σu+(0) – X(0) transition, AP. J. 623, 579 (2005).

 

Stark, G., Huber, K. P., Yoshino, K., Smith, P. L. & Ito, K., “Oscillator strength and linewidth measurements of dipole-allowed transitions in 14N2 between 93.5 and 99.5 nm”, J. Chem. Phys. 123, 214303 (2005).

 

Liu, X. & Shemansky, D., A simple model for N2 line oscillator strengths of the b' 1Σu+(1), c4' 1Σu+(0), b 1Πu(4), b 1Πu(5) and c3 1Πu(0) – X 1Σg+(0) bands, Astrophys. J. 645, 1560 (2006).

 

 

II. Line Widths

 

Leoni, M. & Dressler, K., “Predissociation Probabilities and Determination of a Repulsive Potential in the N2 Molecule”, J. Appl. Math. Phys. 22, 794 (1971). 

 

Oertel, H., Kratzat, M., Imschweiler, J. & Noll, T., “Fluorescence from P and S  States of Molecular Nitrogen Excited with Synchrotron Radiation Between 12.4 and 18.8 eV”, Chem. Phys. Lett. 82, 552 (1981).

 

Ubachs, W., Tashiro, L. & Zare, R. N., “Study of the N2 b State via 1+1 Multiphoton Ionization”, Chem. Phys. 130, 1 (1989).

 

Kam, A. W., Lawall, J. R., Lindsay, M. D., Pipkin, F. M., Short, R. C. & Zhao, P., “Precise Spectroscopy and Lifetime Measurement of electron-impact-excited N2: The c4’(3) Rydberg Level”, Phys. Rev. A 40, 1279 (1989).

 

Helm, H. & Cosby, P. C., “Product branching in predissociation of the eP, e’S, and b’S states of N2”, J. Chem. Phys. 90, 4208 (1989).

 

Ubachs, W., Eikema, K. S. F. & Hogervorst, W., “Narrow-Band Extreme-Ultraviolet Laser Radiation Tunable in the Range 90.5-95 nm”, Appl. Phys. B 57, 411 (1993).

 

Helm, H., Hazell, I. & Bjerre, N., “Lifetimes and Rydberg-valence State Mixing of the c’(4) and c(4) States of N2”, Phys. Rev. A 48, 2762 (1993).

 

Walter, C. W., Cosby, P. C. & Helm, H., “N(4S), N(2D), and N(2P) yields in predissociation of excited singlet states of N2”, J. Chem. Phys. 99, 3553 (1993).

 

Walter, C. W., Cosby, P. C. & Helm, H., “Predissociation quantum yields of singlet nitrogen”, Phys. Rev. A 50, 2930 (1994).

 

Shemansky, D. E., Kanik, I. & Ajello, J. M., “Fine-Structure Branching in N2 c4’(0)”, Ap. J. 452, 480 (1995).

 

Buijsse, B. & van der Zande, W. J., “Measurement of the Lifetime of Predissociative Diatomic Molecules”, Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 4558 (1997).  c4(0) lifetime limits.

 

Buijsse, B. & van der Zande, W. J., “Photo-predissociation of the N2 (e1Pu) state in the presence of a magnetic field”, Faraday Disc. 108, 271 (1997).

 

Ubachs, W., “Predissociative decay of the c'4 1Su+ v=0 state of N2”, Chem. Phys. Lett. 268, 201 (1997).

 

Ajello, J. M., James, G. K. & Ciocca, M., High resolution EUV emission spectroscopy of the N2 c' 1Su+ v' = 3 and 4 levels by electron impact, J. Phys. B 31, 2437 (1998).

 

Walter, C. W., Cosby, P. C. & Helm, H., Photoexcitation and predissociation intensities of the c 1S+u (v = 3 and 4), c' 1Pu (v = 3 and 4) and b' 1S+u (v = 10, 12, 13, and 15) states of N2, J. Chem. Phys. 112, 4621 (2000).

 

Ubachs, W., Velchev, I. & de Lange, A., Predissociation in b 1Pu , v (v = 1, 4,5, 6) levels of N2, J. Chem. Phys. 112, 5711 (2000).

 

Ubachs, W., Lang, R., Velchev, I., Tchang-Brillet, W.-U.L., Johansson, A., Li, Z. S., Lokhnygin, V. & Wahlstrom, C.-G., Lifetime measurements of the c41Su+, v = 0, 1, and 2 states of molecular nitrogen, Chem. Phys. 270, 215 (2001).

 

Sprengers, J. P., Ubachs, W., Johansson, A., L’Huillier, A., Wahlström, Lang, R., Lewis, B. R., & Gibson, S. T., Lifetime and predissociation yield of 14N2 b1Π(v=1), J. Chem. Phys. 120, 8972 (2004).

 

Sprengers, J. P., Johansson, A., L’Huillier, A., Wahlström, C.-G., Lewis, B. R., & Ubachs, W., Pump-probe lifetime measurements on singlet ungerade states in molecular nitrogen, Chem. Phys. Lett. 389, 348 (2004).

 

Philip, J., Sprengers, J. P., Cacciani, P., de Lange, C. A., & Ubachs, W., Frequency-mixing scheme for the production of tunable narrowband XUV radiation (91 – 95 nm): application to precision spectroscopy and predissociation in diatomic molecules, Appl. Phys. B 78, 737 (2004).

 

Sprengers, J. P., Ubachs, W., & Baldwin, K. G. H., Isotopic variation of experimental lifetimes of the lowest 1Πu states in N2, J. Chem. Phys. 122, 144301 (2005).

 

Hannemann, S., Hollenstein, U., van Duijn, E.-J., * Ubachs, W., Production of narrowband tunable extreme-ultraviolet radiation by noncollinear resonance-enhanced four-wave mixing, Optics Lett. 30, 1494 (2005).

 

Lewis, B. R., Gibson, S. T., Sprengers, J. P., Ubachs, W., Johansson, A. & Wahlstrom, C. G., “Lifetime and predissociation yield of 14N2 b 1Πu (v = 1) revisited: Effects of rotation”, J. Chem. Phys. 123, 236101 (2005).

 

Haverd, V. E., Lewis, B. R., Gibson, S. T. & Stark, G., “Rotational effects in the band oscillator strengths and predissociation linewidths for the lowest 1Πu – X 1Σg+ transitions in N2”, J. Chem. Phys. 123, 214304 (2005).

 

Sprengers, J. P. & Ubachs, W., “Lifetimes and transition frequencies of several singlet ungerade states in N2 between 106000 and 109000 cm-1”, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 235, 152 (2006).

 

 

 

III. Theory & Spectroscopy

 

Dressler, K., “The lowest valence and Rydberg states in the dipole-allowed absorption spectrum of nitrogen: A survey of their interactions”, Can. J. Phys. 47, 547 (1969).

 

Lefebvre-Brion, H., “Theoretical study of homogeneous perturbations. II. Least-squares fitting method to obtain “deperturbed” crossing Morse curves. Application to the perturbed 1Σ+u states of N2”, Can. J. Phys. 47, 541 (1969).

 

Ermler, W. C., McLean, A. D. & Mulliken, R. S., “Ab Initio Study of Valence State Potential Energy Curves of N2”, J. Phys. Chem. 86, 1305 (1982).

 

Stahel, D., Leoni, M. & Dressler, K., “”Nonadiabatic representations of S and P states of the N2 molecule”, J. Chem. Phys. 79, 2541 (1983).

 

Hajim, K. I. & Carroll, P. K., “The calculation of the interaction energies of the b’ 1Su+ and c’ 1Su+ states of 15N2”, J. Phys. B 20, 6233 (1987).

 

Ermler, W. C., Clark, J. P. & Mulliken, R. S., “Ab initio calculations of potential energy curves and transition moments of 1Sg+ and 1Su+ states of N2”, J. Chem. Phys. 86, 370 (1987).

 

Carroll, P. K. & Hagim, Kh. I., Configuration Interaction Effects in Molecular Spectra. N2: a Case Study, Physica Scripta 37, 682 (1988).

 

Edwards, S. A., Tchang-Brillet, W.-U.L., Roncin, J.-Y., Launay, F., & Rostas, F., “Modeling the VUV emission spectrum of N2: preliminary results on the effects of rotational interactions on line intensities”, Planet Space Science 43, 67 (1995). 

 

Spelsberg, D. & Meyer, W., Dipole-allowed excited states of N2: Potential energy curves, vibrational analysis, and absorption intensities, JCP 115, 6438 (2001).

 

Lavin, C., Velasco, A. M., Martin, I, and Bustos, E., MQDO oscillator strengths and emission coefficients for electronic transitions in N2 and NO, Chem. Phys. Lett. 394, 114 (2004).

 

Lewis, B. R., Gibson, S. T., Zhang, W., Lefebvre-Brion, H., & Robbe, J.-M., Predissociation mechanism for the lowest 1Πu states of N2, J. Chem. Phys. 122, 144302 (2005).

 

 

IV. Spectroscopic Measurements

 

Ogawa, M. & Tanaka, Y., “Rydberg absorption series of N2”, Can. J. Phys. 40, 1593 (1962).

 

Carroll, P.K. & Collins, C.P., “High Resolution Absorption Studies of the b-X System of Nitrogen”, Can. J. Phys. 47, 563 (1969).  Linelists of (0-0) through (24-0).

 

Carroll, P. K. & Yoshino, K., “The cn and cn’ Rydberg states of N2: High Resolution Studies”, J. Phys. B 5, 1614 (1972).

 

Ledbetter, J. W., “New Rydberg bands in the visible region and identification of the lowest 1Sg+ Rydberg state of the N2 molecule”, JMS 42, 100 (1972).

 

Carroll, P. K., “Band Structures in N2 Rydberg Complexes”, J. Chem. Phys. 58, 3597 (1973).

 

Yoshino, K., Tanaka, Y., Carroll, P. K. & Mitchell, P., “High Resolution Absorption Spectrum of N2 in the Vacuum-uv Region, o3,4 - X Bands”, JMS 54, 87 (1975).

 

Ledbetter, J. W. & Dressler, K., “Interaction of the C' 3Pu and C 3Pu states in 14N2, 14N15N, and 15N2”, JMS 63, 370 (1976).

 

Yoshino, K. & Tanaka, Y., High Resolution vuv Absorption Spectrum of N2, Homogeneous Perturbation Between c4’(0) and b’(1) Levels”, JMS 66, 219 (1977).

 

Lofthus, A. & Krupenie, P. H., “The Spectrum of Molecular Nitrogen”, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 6, 113 (1977).  Review article. – not in this notebook

 

Yoshino, K., Freeman, D. E. & Tanaka, Y., “High Resolution VUV Absorption Spectrum of N2, c4’ - X Bands”, JMS 76, 153 (1979).

 

Suzuki, T. & Kakimoto, M., “High-resolution Optogalvanic Study of the c4(0), c5’(0), and a”(0) Rydberg States of N2”, JMS 93, 423 (1982).  a”(0)-c4(0) high-resolution spectroscopy.

 

Roncin, J-Y, Launay, F. & Larzilliere, M., “Evidence for Predissociation of N2 into N(2D) + N(2D) from New High-Resolution Vacuum-Ultraviolet Emision Bands”, Phys. Rev. Lett. 53, 159 (1984).

 

Yoshino, K. & Freeman, D. E., “High Resolution Vacuum Ultraviolet Absorption Spectrum of N2: Perturbations in the c5’(0) and c4(0) Rydberg Levels”, Can. J. Phys. 62, 1478 (1984).

 

Verma, R. D. & Jois, S. S., “Absorption spectrum of the b’ 1Su+ - X 1Sg+ transition of the N2 molecule excited by the flash discharge technique”, J. Phys. B 17, 3229 (1984).

 

Roncin, J.-Y., Launay, F., & Yoshino, K., “New Emission Bands in the High Resolution Vacuum Ultraviolet Spectrum of Molecular Nitrogen”, Planet. Space. Sci. 35, 267 (1987).

 

Roncin, J.-Y., Launay, F., & Yoshino, K., “Vacuum Ultraviolet Emission from Highly Excited States of Molecular Nitrogen”, JMS 134, 390 (1989).

 

Huber, K. P. & Jungen, Ch., “High-resolution jet absorption study of nitrogen near 800 Ā”, J. Chem. Phys. 92, 850 (1990).

 

Roncin, J.-Y., Launay, F., Subtil, J.-L., &Yoshino, K., “New Emission Bands in the High Resolution Spectrum of Molecular Nitrogen Between 107.7 and 124.2 nm”, Planet. Space. Sci. 39, 1301 (1991).

 

Levelt, P. F. & Ubachs, W., “XUV-laser Spectroscopy on the c4’(0) and c3(0) Rydberg States of N2”, Chem. Phys. 163, 263 (1992).

 

Edwards, S., Roncin, J.-Y., Launay, F. & Rostas, F., The Electronic Ground State of Molecular Nitrogen, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 162, 257 (1993).

 

van der Kamp, A. B., Cosby, P. C. & van der Zande, W. J., “Charge-transfer production of predissociated N2 states. I. The n=3 Rydberg state region (12.8 – 14 eV)”, Chem. Phys. 184, 319 (1994).

 

Whang, T.-J., Zhao, G., Stwalley, W. C. & Wu, C. Y. R., “Franck-Condon Factors of the b’, c3, c4’, and o-X Transitions of N2”, JQSRT 55, 335 (1996).

 

Buijsse, B. & van der Zande, W. J., “The Predissociation Mechanisms of the e 1P and b’ States of N2”, J. Chem. Phys. 107, 9447 (1997).

 

Kawamoto, Y., Fujitake, M., & Ohashi, N., “Near-Infrared Diode Laser Spectroscopy of the Nitrogen Molecule in Rydberg State: Analysis of the c 1Pu = a”1Sg+, v=0-1 Band”, JMS 185, 330 (1997).

 

Roncin, J.-Y., Subtil, J.-L., & Launay, F., “The High-Resolution Vacuum Ultraviolet Emission Spectrum of Molecular Nitrogen from 82.6 to 124.2 nm: Level Energies of 10 Excited Singlet Electronic States”, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 188, 128 (1998).

 

Roncin, J. –Y. & Launay, F., “Tables of vacuum ultraviolet emission band systems of molecular nitrogen from 82.6 to 124.2 nm”, Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. Ser. 128, 361 (1998).

 

de Lange, A. & Ubachs, W., “Observation of the y 1Pg - c41Su+ and k 1Pg - c41Su+ systems of N2”, Chem. Phys. Lett. 310, 471 (1999).

 

de Lange, A., Lang, R., van der Zande, W. & Ubachs, W., “Highly excited states of gerade symmetry in molecular nitrogen”, J. Chem. Phys. 116, 7893 (2002).

 

Sprengers, J. P., Ubachs, W., Baldwin, K. G. H., Lewis, B. R., & Tchang-Brillet, W.-U.L., Extreme ultraviolet laser excitation of isotopic molecular nitrogen: The dipole-allowed spectrum of 15N2 and 14N15N, J. Chem. Phys. 119, 3160 (2003).

 

Sprengers, J. P., Ubachs, W., Baldwin, K. G. H., Lewis, B. R., & Tchang-Brillet, W.-U.L., Extreme ultraviolet laser excitation of isotopic molecular nitrogen: The dipole-allowed spectrum of 15N2 and 14N15N, EPAPS Data archive.

 

Sprengers, J. P., Johansson, A., L’Huillier, A., Wahlström, C.-G., Lewis, B. R., & Ubachs, W., Pump-probe lifetime measurements on singlet ungerade states in molecular nitrogen, Chem. Phys. Lett. 389, 348 (2004).

 

Cossart, D. & Cossart-Magos, C., “New Rydberg-Rydberg transitions in N2. Identification of the d3 1Σg+ state”, J. Chem. Phys. 121, 7148 (2004).

 

Sprengers, J. P., Reinhold, E., Ubachs, W., Baldwin, K. G. H. & Lewis, B. R., “Optical observation of the 3sσg F 3Πu Rydberg state of N2”, J. Chem. Phys. 123, 144315 (2005).

 

Hashimoto, T. & Kanamori, H., A predissociative triplet Rydberg state of the nitrogen molecule studied by near-infrared diode laser kinetic spectroscopy, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 235, 104 (2006).

 

Pirali, O. & Tokaryk, D. W., Experimental determination of a spin-orbit interval in the C" 5Πu state of 14N2, J. Chem. Phys. 124, 081102 (2006).

 

Field, R. W., Pirali, O. & Tokaryk, D. W., The spin-orbit and rotational constants for the N2 C" 5Πu (v = 3) state, J. Chem. Phys. 124, 081103 (2006).

 

 

 

V. Spectroscopy Shortward of 86 nm

 

Chang, E. S. & Yoshino, K., “The nf complexes in molecular nitrogen”, J. Phys. B 16, L581, (1983).

 

Chung, S., Lin, C. C. & Lee, E. T. P., Rydberg states of the nitrogen molecule, J. Chem. Phys. 82, 342 (1985).

 

Sharpe, S. W. & Johnson, P. M., Triplet Rydberg states in molecular nitrogen, J. Chem. Phys. 85, 4943 (1986).

 

Cremaschi, P., Chattopadhyay, A., Madhavan, P. V. & Whitten, J. L., A theoretical study of the Rydberg states of N2 obtained from excitations of the valence 3σg, 1pu and 2σu levels, Chem. Phys. 109, 117 (1986).

 

Huber, K. P., Jungen, Ch., Yoshino, K., Ito, K. & Stark, G., “The f Rydberg series in the absorption spectrum of N2”, J. Chem. Phys. 100, 7957 (1994).

 

Huber, K. P., “Solved and unsolved problems of near-threshold spectroscopy of N2 and CO”, Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. A 335, 1527 (1997).

 

Jungen, Ch., Huber, K. P., Jungen, M., & Stark, G., The near-threshold absorption spectrum of N2, J. Chem. Phys. 118, 4517 (2003).

 

Lefebvre-Brion, H., Assignment in the near-threshold absorption spectrum of N2, J. Chem. Phys. 122, 144315 (2005).

 

Bakalian, F., Production of hot nitrogen atoms in the martian thermosphere, Icarus 183, 69 (2006).

 

 

VI. Related

 

Stevens, M. H., Meier, R. R., Conway, R. R. & Strobel, D. F.,  “A Resolution of the N2 Carroll-Yoshino Band Problem in the Earth’s Atmosphere”, J. Geophys. Res. 99, 417 (1994).

 

Kanik, I., Beegle, L. W., Ajello, J. M. & Solomon, S. C., Electron-impact excitation/emission and photoabsorption cross sections important in the terrestrial airglow and auroral analysis of rocket and satellite observations, Phys. Chem. Earth 25, 573 (2000).

 

Stevens, M. H., “The EUV airglow of Titan: Production and loss of N2 c4’(0) – X”, J. Geophys. Res. 106, 3685 (2001).

 

Feldman, P. D., Sahnow, D. J., Kruk, J. W., Murphy, E. M. & Moos, H. W., “High-resolution FUV spectroscopy of the terrestrial day airglow with the Far Ultraviolet Spectroscopic Explorer”, J. Geophys. Res. 106, 8119 (2001).

 

Stevens, M. H., The extreme ultraviolet airglow of N2 atmospheres, in “Atmospheres in the Solar System: Comparative Aeronomy, American Geophysical Union Monograph 130, editors: M. Mendillo, A. Nagy & J. H. Waite, 319-326 (2002).

 

Bishop, J. and Feldman, P. D., “Analysis of the Astro-1/Hopkins Ultraviolet Telescope EUV-FUV dayside nadir spectral radiance measurements”, J. Geophys. Res. – Space Physics 108, Art. No. 1243 (2003).

 

Knauth, D. C., Andersson, B-G., McCandliss, R. & Moos, H. W., “Potential Variations in the Interstellar N I Abundance”, Ap. J. 596, L51-54 (2003).

 

Knauth, D. C., Andersson, B-G., McCandliss, R. & Moos, H. W., “The interstellar N2 abundance towards HD 124314 from far-ultraviolet observations”, Nature 429, 636 (2004).

 

Snow, T. P., “Molecular nitrogen in space”, Nature 429, 615 (2004).

 

Fouchet, T., …Owen, T., “Search for spatial variation in the Jovian 15N/14N ratio from Cassini/CIRS observations”, Icarus 172, 50 (2004).

 

Abbas, M. M.,…Owen, T.,….Romani, P. N., “The nitrogen isotopic ratio in Jupiter’s atmosphere from observations by the composite infrared spectrometer on the Cassini spacecraft”, Astrophys. J. 602, 1063 (2004).