APRIL 21 - 25, 2014
WEDNESDAY, APRIL 23
11:00 am: Optical and Infrared Astronomy Division Seminar. "The X-ray Emission From Young Supernovae as a Probe of their Progenitors," Vikram Dwarkadas, University of Chicago. Pratt Conferencen Room.
Abstract: Even after several decades of study, the progenitor stars of supernovae (SNe) have proven difficult to identify. The identification of progenitors has generally been the purview of optical astronomy, aided in part by stellar evolution models. But observations at other wavelengths can also provide several hints about the progenitors. We have aggregated together data available in the literature, or analysed by us, to compute the X-ray lightcurves of almost all young SNe. We use these, coupled with analytical and numerical simulations, to investigate the SN expansion, the characteristics of the medium into which they are expanding, and the implications for their progenitors. We explore all SN types, with emphasis on Type IIP and Type IIn SNe. IIPs have the lowest X-ray luminosities, which is surprising given the high mass-loss rate, and low velocity, winds expected from their red supergiant (RSG) progenitors, and therefore the high density medium into which IIP SNe are expected to expand into. We show that the low X-ray luminosity sets a limit on the mass-loss rate, and thereby initial mass of a RSG star which can become a Type IIP progenitor. This initial mass limit, of about 19 solar masses, is consistent with that obtained via direct optical progenitor identification. IIns are observed to have high X-ray luminosities in general, but their light curves are very diverse, with some of them tending to fall off very steeply. We explore the implications of this behaviour.
1:00 pm: ITC Pizza Lunch Talk on Time Domain Astronomy. "Probing the High-z Universe with Long GRBs and the New Class of Ultra-long GRBs: Reality or Curiosity?" Prof. Carole Mundell, Liverpool John Moores University, Dr. Ryan Chornock and Timothy Laskar, CfA. Phillips Auditorium.
4:00 pm: ITAMP/HQOC Joint Quantum Sciences Seminar. "Out-of-Equilibrium Dynamics of Strongly Interacting Rydberg Gases in a Dissipative Environment," Igor Lesanovsky, University of Nottingham. Jefferson 250, Department of Physics, Harvard University.
THURSDAY, APRIL 24
4:00 pm: Colloquium. Bok Prize Lecture: "Star Formation and Molecular Gas in the First Three Billion Years," Dr. Dan Marrone, Department of Astronomy, Steward Observatory, University of Arizona. Preceded by tea at 3:30 pm. Phillips Auditorium.
Abstract: In the first few Gyr of cosmic history, the bulk of the stellar mass was assembled under conditions of higher density and lower metallicity than we observe locally. While the most advanced optical/IR facilities have provided very detailed studies of galaxies at z~2-5 and detections of rare galaxies at the epoch of reionization, it continues to be extremely difficult to study the cool phase of the ISM from which their stars arise. Understanding this cool phase, and the star formation that it obscures, is crucial to improving our picture of galaxy formation. I will report on two different views of the cool ISM in the early universe. First, millimeter and submillimeter facilities have provided new samples of gravitationally lensed starburst galaxies at z > 3 that are exceptional targets for detailed study with ALMA. I will present the central findings of early-science ALMA studies of lensed galaxies identifies in the South Pole Telescope survey. Second, star formation in the more common but less luminous galaxies that fill the early universe is much more challenging to observe, at least for individual galaxies. I will describe our efforts to study the development of the molecular ISM through intensity mapping, which measures fluctuations in the aggregate signal from distant galaxies. I will present preliminary results from a demonstration experiment targeting z~3, and describe the DACOTA experiment that will sample galaxies at z~3 and z~7 simultaneously.
The Calendar is prepared by the Web Services Group. Entries may be submitted via email to weekly_cal@cfa.