Massive Star Formation
Massive stars (stars more massive than 8 times that of the Sun) are dominant players in the Galaxy. Despite their small number, they produce most of the visible light in the Galaxy. In their relatively short lives, they have great impact on the galactic environment by ionizing the interstellar medium via strong ultraviolet radiation, and alter the makeup of the interstellar medium through manufacturing heavy elements via supernovae explosion.
The existence of massive stars presents a challenge to our understanding of star formation. Stars form from cold molecular gas and dust when gravitational force overcomes the internal pressure in molecular clouds. Radiation from massive stars exerts additional pressure on the infalling material, and may overcome gravity to prevent the formation of such stars. Scientists in the R&G division are actively engaged in research aimed at understanding the birth of massive stars through observations in the radio, sub-millimeter and infrared wavelengths.
Cara Battersby, Lincoln Greenhill, Eric Keto, Jim Moran, Nimesh Patel, Mark Reid, Sridharan Tirupati, Sven Van Loo, Qizhou Zhang, Jun-Hui Zhao
External Collaborators: Claire Chandler, Ciriaco Goddi, Paul Ho, Elizabeth Humphreys, Lynn Matthews, Karl M. Menten
Ongoing Collaborator: Izaskun M. Jimenez-Serra