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Release No.: 2018-10
For Release: Wednesday, June 20, 2018 - 1:00pm

XMM-Newton Finds Missing Intergalactic Material

The mysterious dark matter and dark energy make up about 25 and 70 percent of our cosmos respectively, and ordinary matter, which makes up everything we see, including galaxies, stars and planets – amounts to only about five percent. However, stars in galaxies across the Universe only make up about seven percent of all ordinary matter and the cold and hot interstellar gas that permeates galaxies and galaxy clusters together accounts for only about 11 percent. Most of the Universe's ordinary matter, or baryons, lurks in the cosmic web, the filamentary distribution of both dark and ordinary matter that extends throughout the Universe. In the past astronomers were able to locate a good chunk of the cool and warm parts of this intergalactic material (about 43 percent of all baryons in total). Astronomers have now used ESA's XMM-Newton space observatory to detect the hot component of this intergalactic material along the line of sight to a quasar. The amount of hot intergalactic gas detected in these observations amounts up to 40 percent of all baryons in the Universe, closing the gap in the overall budget of ordinary matter in the cosmos.