Export Compliance: Typical Hardware That Requires an Export License

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Bureau of Industry Security Export Administration Regulations: Commerce Control List

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US Munitions List Items Category XV -- Spacecraft Systems and Associated Equipment

Space related items are Category XV: PDF PDF version.

  • *(a) Spacecraft, including communications satellites, remote sensing satellites, scientific satellites, research satellites, navigation satellites, experimental and multi-mission satellites.
    NOTE TO PARAGRAPH (a): Commercial communications satellites, scientific satellites, research satellites and experimental satellites are designated as SME only when the equipment is intended for use by the armed forces of any foreign country.
  • (b) Ground control stations for telemetry, tracking and control of spacecraft or satellites, or employing any of the cryptographic items controlled under category XIII of this subchapter.
  • (c) Global Positioning System (GPS) receiving equipment specifically designed, modified or configured for military use; or GPS receiving equipment with any of the following characteristics:
    • (1) Designed for encryption or decryption (e.g., Y-Code) of GPS precise positioning service (PPS) signals;
    • (2) Designed for producing navigation results above 60,000 feet altitude and at 1,000 knots velocity or greater;
    • (3) Specifically designed or modified for use with a null steering antenna or including a null steering antenna designed to reduce or avoid jamming signals;
    • (4) Designed or modified for use with unmanned air vehicle systems capable of delivering at least a 500 kg payload to a range of at least 300 km.
    (NOTE: GPS receivers designed or modified for use with military unmanned air vehicle systems with less capability are considered to be specifically designed, modified or configured for military use and therefore covered under this paragraph (d)(4).)
    Any GPS equipment not meeting this definition is subject to the jurisdiction of the Department of Commerce (DOC). Manufacturers or exporters of equipment under DOC jurisdiction are advised that the U.S. Government does not assure the availability of the GPS P-Code for civil navigation. It is the policy of the Department of Defense (DOD) that GPS receivers using P-Code without clarification as to whether or not those receivers were designed or modified to use Y-Code will be presumed to be Y-Code capable and covered under this paragraph. The DOD policy further requires that a notice be attached to all P-Code receivers presented for export. The notice must state the following: "ADVISORY NOTICE: This receiver uses the GPS P-Code signal, which by U.S. policy, may be switched off without notice." Special export controls also may be imposed with respect to any destination as deemed appropriate in furtherance of the security and foreign policy of the United States.
  • (d) Radiation-hardened microelectronic circuits that meet or exceed all five of the following characteristics:
    • (1) A total dose of 5 x 105 Rads (Si);
    • (2) A dose rate upset threshold of 5 x 108 Rads (Si)/sec;
    • (3) A neutron dose of 1 x 1014 n/cm2 (1 MeV equivalent);
    • (4) A single event upset rate of 1 x 10-10 errors/bit-day or less, for the CREME96 geosynchronous orbit, Solar Minimum Environment;
    • (5) Single event latch-up free and having a dose rate latch-up threshold of 5 x 108 Rads (Si).
  • (e) All specifically designed or modified systems or subsystems, components, parts, accessories, attachments, and associated equipment for the articles in this category, including the articles identified in section 1516 of Public Law 105-261: satellite fuel, ground support equipment, test equipment, payload adapter or interface hardware, replacement parts, and non-embedded solid propellant orbit transfer engines (see also Categories IV and V in this section).

NOTE: This coverage by the U.S. Munitions List does not include the following unless specifically designed or modified for military application (see § 120.3 of this subchapter): (For controls on these items see the Export Administration Regulations, Commerce Control List (15 CFR parts 730 through 799).)

  • (1) Space qualified traveling wave tubes (also known as helix tubes or TWTs), microwave solid state amplifiers, microwave assemblies, and traveling wave tube amplifiers operating at frequencies equal to or less than 31GHz.
  • (2) Space qualified photovoltaic arrays having silicon cells or having single, dual, triple junction solar cells that have gallium arsenide as one of the junctions.
  • (3) Space qualified tape recorders.
  • (4) Atomic frequency standards that are not space qualified.
  • (5) Space qualified data recorders.
  • (6) Space qualified telecommunications systems, equipment and components not designed or modified for satellite uses.
  • (7) Technology required for the development or production of telecommunications equipment specifically designed for non-satellite uses.
  • (8) Space qualified focal plane arrays having more than 2048 elements per array and having a peak response in the wavelength range exceeding 300nm but not exceeding 900nm.
  • (9) Space qualified laser radar or Light Detection and Ranging (LIDAR) equipment.

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Category XII -- Fire Control, Range Finder, Optical and Guidance and Control Equipment

  • *(a) Fire control systems; gun and missile tracking and guidance systems; gun range, position, height finders, spotting instruments and laying equipment; aiming devices (electronic, optic, and acoustic); bomb sights, bombing computers, military television sighting and viewing units, and periscopes for the articles of this section.
  • *(b) Lasers specifically designed, modified or configured for military application including those used in military communication devices, target designators and range finders, target detection systems, and directed energy weapons.
  • *(c) Infrared focal plane array detectors specifically designed, modified, or configured for military use; image intensification and other night sighting equipment or systems specifically designed, modified or configured for military use; second generation and above military image intensification tubes (defined below) specifically designed, developed, modified, or configured for military use, and infrared, visible and ultraviolet devices specifically designed, developed, modified, or configured for military application.
      Military second and third generation image intensification tubes and military infrared focal plane arrays identified in this subparagraph are licensed by the Department of Commerce (ECCN 6A002A and 6A003A) [sic] when part of a commercial system (i.e., those systems originally designed for commercial use). This does not include any military system comprised of non-military specification components. Replacement tubes or focal plane arrays identified in this paragraph being exported for commercial systems are subject to the controls of the ITAR.

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If you have further questions, please contact the Export Compliance Officer.


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