A Massive Protocluster of Merging Galaxies in the Early Universe
Tracing the Origins of Rare, Cosmic Explosions
The Tilt in our Stars: The Shape of the Milky Way's Halo of Stars is Realized
Our Galaxy’s Most Recent Major Collision
Active Galactic Nuclei and Galaxy Cluster Cooling
A Dark Matter Deficient Galaxy
The Magnetic Field between the Galaxies in a Merging Cluster
Giant Low Surface Brightness Galaxies
A Barred Galaxy’s Massive Molecular Inflow
Astronomers Release New All-Sky Map of the Milky Way's Outer Reaches
Astronomers Detect a Black Hole on the Move
GMACS - Moderate Dispersion Optical Spectrograph for the Giant Magellan Telescope is a powerful optical spectrograph that will unlock the power of the Giant Magellan Telescope for research ranging from the formation of stars and planets to cosmology.
James Webb Space Telescope Advanced Deep Extragalactic Survey (JADES)
JADES will use guaranteed time in James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) cycle 1 to produce infrared imaging and spectroscopy of unprecedented depth in the two premier extragalactic deep fields, GOODS-South (CDF-S) and GOODS-North (HDF). These data will reveal the early phases of galaxy formation, probing the rest-frame optical spectroscopy and morphology of galaxies from redshifts 2-3 out to z>10. JADES expects to collect data on about 100,000 galaxies, adding to the extensive legacy of these well-studied fields.
CfA Redshift Catalog
The universe is expanding, carrying galaxies with it like flotsam on a fast-flowing river. This expansion also stretches the wavelength of light, which astronomers call cosmological redshift, since it pushes visible light colors toward the red end of the spectrum. That means astronomers can determine the distance to far-away galaxies by measuring the redshift of light they produce. The CfA Redshift Catalog (ZCAT), created by researchers at the Center for Astrophysics | Harvard & Smithsonian, is a clearinghouse for historical redshift data from a number of observatories, including the 1.5-Meter Tillinghast Telescope and the MMT Observatory, both CfA-operated telescopes located at the Fred Lawrence Whipple Observatory (FLWO) in Arizona. This data provides a map of galaxies in three dimensions, allowing astronomers to piece together how galaxies group on the largest scales in the universe. ZCAT is an essential resource for data on redshift surveys up to 2008, carrying on the legacy of the original CfA Redshift Surveys conducted in the 1970s and ‘80s.